Welding Electrode Manufacturer & Supplier in Europe

Welding Electrode Manufacturer & Supplier in Europe - PipingProjects.eu

Welding Electrode Manufacturer in Europe

PipingProjects.eu is one of the leading Welding Electrode Manufacturer in Europe. Welding electrodes are filler metals used in welding procedures to connect two or more pieces of metal. It is a consumable that melts during the welding process, forming a connection between the workpieces. The welding electrode used depends on the welding procedure, the type of metal being welded, and the welding project's unique needs. We are also a well-known Welding Electrode Supplier in Europe.

What are Welding Electrode?

Welding electrodes are categorized into various types, each designed for a certain welding process, material, or application. Some of the most common welding electrodes are as follows:

What are the Different Types of Welding Electrodes?

Welding Electrodes are classified into several varieties, each of which is intended for a certain welding procedure, material, or application. Some of the most prevalent types of welding electrodes are as follows:

  • Flux-Cored Electrodes (FCAW - Flux-Cored Arc Welding):
    Gas-shielded flux-cored wire electrodes combine the advantages of a flux core with the use of an external shielding gas, making them adaptable to welding a wide range of materials while providing efficient protection against ambient pollutants. Self-shielded flux-cored wire electrodes, on the other hand, are self-contained and do not require an external shielding gas, making them excellent for outdoor or field welding where gas availability is restricted or impracticable. These self-shielded electrodes provide enhanced convenience and mobility in a variety of welding applications.
  • Stick Electrodes (SMAW - Shielded Metal Arc Welding):
    Rutile electrodes (E6013) are versatile, general-purpose welding electrodes that are ideal for mild steel welding due to their rutile (titanium dioxide) coating. For deep penetration welding, cellulose electrodes (E6010 and E6011) with cellulose-based coatings are preferred, particularly in challenging positions such as vertical and above. Meanwhile, basic electrodes (E7018) feature low-hydrogen coatings, making them excellent for welding high-strength and low-alloy steels, with superior mechanical properties and a minimal risk of weld cracking.
  • TIG Electrodes (GTAW - Gas Tungsten Arc Welding):
    Tungsten electrodes are available in a range of forms and sizes to suit different welding applications. Pure tungsten electrodes perform well at high temperatures, making them ideal for welding nonferrous metals like aluminum and magnesium, albeit they still require a separate filler rod. Thoriated tungsten electrodes containing thorium oxide are widely used for direct current welding of stainless steel, mild steel, and nickel alloys. Tungsten electrodes with cerium oxide content are useful for AC and DC welding in a variety of metals. Lanthanated tungsten electrodes containing lanthanum oxide are versatile and suitable for both AC and DC welding of many materials, making them a good choice for welders.
  • MIG Electrodes (GMAW - Gas Metal Arc Welding):
    Solid wire electrodes are designed for use with a shielding gas and are available in a range of compositions to match the specific base metal being welded, providing for versatility and precision in welding applications. Flux-cored wire electrodes, on the other hand, have a flux core, which removes the need for external shielding gas, but it can still be used if desired. These electrodes are particularly well-suited for welding thick materials and are recognized for their quick deposition rates, making them an ideal alternative for tasks requiring rapid metal deposition and strong welds.

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Piping Projects Europe
Welding Electrode Manufatcurer, Supplier and Dealer in Europe

Welding Electrode

Welding Electrode Manufacturer in Europe
Welding Electrode Supplier in Europe
Welding Electrode Dealer in Europe

Welding Electrode - Specifications

  • Diameter: 3/32 inches (2.4 mm)
  • Length : 250 to 450mm
  • Standard : AWS A5.1/A5.1M:2012
  • Form : TIG, MIG, Welding
  • Types : Inconel 625 Welding Electrode, Stainless Steel Welding Electrode, ER2594 Welding Wire, Ernicrmo-3 Welding Wires, 6013 Welding Rod,
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Welding Electrode Specification Chart

Specification Chart of Welding Electrodes
Particulars Specification
Welding Electrode Sizes 0.80 to 5.0mm
Electrode Length 250mm to 450mm
Diameter 3/32 inches (2.4 mm)
Schedule SCH20, SCH30, SCH40, STD, SCH80, XS, SCH60, SCH80, SCH120, SCH140, SCH160, XXS
Stainless Steel 200 Series - 201, 202, 205.
300 Series
301, 302, 303, 304, 304L, 308, 309, 309S, 310, 310S, 314, 316, 316L, 316TI, 317, 317L, 321, 347.
400 Series
405, 409, 429, 430, 430F, 430FSe, 434, 436, 442, 446, 403, 410, 414,416, 416Se, 420,420F, 422, 431, 440A, 440B, 440C.
500 Series - 501, 502.
600 Series - 630 (17-4 PH).
Carbon Steel ASTM A106 Gr. A , B & C API 5L Gr. A / B, X42 ,X52 ,X60 ASTM A 53 Gr. A/B
Titanium Titanium 6-4, Gr 1, Gr 2, Gr 3, Gr 4, Gr 5, Gr 7, Gr 9, 5-2.5, 6-2-4-2, 6-4 ELI, 6-6-2.
Hastelloy C22, C276, X, B-2.
Monel 400, K500.
Nickel Alloy Nickel 200 Nickel 201, Alloy 20, Alloy 286, Alloy 218 (Nitronic 60), Nitronic 50 (XM-19).
Cupro Nickel Cu 90-10 (C70600,CW352H), Cu 70-30 (C71500, CW354H).
Inconel 601, 625, 660A, 718, X-750, 825, 925, 608.
Duplex / Super Duplex D S31803, D S32205, SD S32750, SD S32760, SD S32950.
Chromium Molybdenum Steel A387 Gr 2, A387 Gr 12, A387 Gr 11, A387 Gr 22, A387 Gr 22L, A387 Gr 7, A387 Gr 21, A387 Gr 21L, A387 Gr 9, A387 Gr 91.
Nichrome Alloy CrNi 20/80.
Copper ASTM B1, ASTM B2, ASTM B3, ASTM B152, ASTM B124, ASTM B133.
Brass Alloy 260, Alloy 272, Alloy 330, Alloy 353, Alloy 360, Alloy C48200 - C48500, Alloy 464.
Bronze Alloy 954, Alloy 933.
Case Hardening Steels 10C4, 15C8, 15Cr3, 16Mn5Cr4, 20MnCr5, 15Ni5Cr4Mo1, 15Ni5Cr4Mo2, 20Ni7Mo2, 20NiCrMo2, 14CrNi6.
En Series En8, En9, En19, En24, En30B, En31, En36, En45, En47, En48.
Mild Steel Sae 4118, Sae 4120, Sae 4120, Sae 4130, Sae 4135, Sae 4137, Sae 4140, Sae 4142, Sae 4145, Sae 4147, Sae 4150, Sae 4161, Sae 8620.

What are the Differences Between Non-Consumable (Refractory) Electrodes & Consumable (Metallic) Electrodes in Welding?

  • Welding techniques distinguish between non-consumable (refractory) and consumable (metallic) electrodes. Non-consumable electrodes, often made of tungsten, stay nearly unchanged during welding since they do not melt or become part of the final weld. Instead, they create and maintain the welding arc while supplying a separate filler material to form the weld joint, making them suitable for Tungsten Inert Gas (TIG) welding.
  • Consumable (metallic) electrodes, on the other hand, are designed to melt and fuse with the base metal when welding. These electrodes, which are employed in welding processes such as Stick (SMAW) and Metal Inert Gas (MIG), provide both the heat source and the filler material, resulting in a welded junction in which the electrode material becomes an integral component of the joint.

Welding Rod Amperage Chart

Amperage Chart of Welding Electrode
Dia of Electrode (in.) E6013 E6012 E6020 E7048 E6010. E6011 E6019 E7015, E7016 E6022 E7024. E7028 E7014 E6027, E7027 E6018. E7018. E7018M
1/8 80 130A 80 140A 100 150A 80 - 140A 75 125A 80 140A 100 150A 110 - 160A 140 190A 110 - 160A 125 185A 105 155A
1/16 20 40A 20 40A N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A.
3/32 45 - 90A 35- 85A N.A. N.A 40 80A 50 90A 65 110A N.A. 100 145A 80 - 125A N.A. 70 - 110A
3/16 150 230A 140 240A 175 250A 210 270A 140 - 215A 190 250A 180 255A 170 400A 230 - 305A 200 275A 210 300A 200 275A
5/32 105 180A 110 190A 130A - 190A 150 220A 110 - 170A 130 190A 140 200A 140 190A 180 - 250A 150 210A 160 240A 130 - 200A
5/64 25 - 60A 25 60A N.A N.A. N.A. 35 55A N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A N.A
7/32 210 300A 200 320A 225 310A N.A 170 250A 240 310A 240 320A 370 520A 275 - 365A 260 340A 250 350A 260 - 340A
5/16 320 - 430A 300 500A 340 450A N.A. 275 - 425A 360 410A 375 475A N.A. 400 525A 390 500A 375 475A 375 - 470A
1/4 250 350A 250 400A 275 375A N.A. 210 320A 310 360A 300 390A N.A. 335 430A 330 415A 300 420A 315 400A

Welding Electrode Coating Material Chart

Coating Material Chart of Welding Rod
Type of Coating Type of Current
iron powder, Low hydrogen potassium DC+ or DC-, AC
High cellulose potassium DC+ or DC-, AC
High titania sodium DC-, AC
High titania potassium DC+, AC
iron powder, High iron oxide DC+ or DC-, AC
Low hydrogen sodium DC+
High cellulose sodium DC+
titania, Iron powder DC+ or DC-, AC
Low hydrogen potassium DC+, AC

What is the Process for Classifying Welding Rods?

  • Welding rod classification is a systematic method that assigns particular codes or designations to these consumable electrodes based on a number of criteria. These factors typically include the type of electrode (e.g., stick electrode, flux-cored wire, solid wire), the welding process (e.g., shielded metal arc welding, gas metal arc welding, gas tungsten arc welding), the type of shielding or flux used (e.g., cellulose, rutile, basic), and material compatibility (e.g., carbon steel, stainless steel, aluminum).
  • Other characteristics such as electrode diameter, tensile strength, and site appropriateness may also be included in the categorization scheme. These codes and designations provide welders with critical information about the properties of the electrode, allowing them to select the optimum welding rod for a given welding operation while also ensuring safety.

What are the Advantages of Flux Cored Welding Electrodes?

Flux Cored Welding Electrodes offer a number of advantages that make them a popular choice in a wide range of welding applications.

  • When compared to solid wire electrodes, one of the key benefits of flux-cored electrodes is their ability to deposit more weld metal per unit of time. This is especially important when working on activities that need efficient and speedy welding, since it saves time and increases productivity.
  • Flux-cored electrodes are noted for their deep penetration. This makes them suitable for welding thick materials and delivering strong, full-penetration welds, even when the material contains surface contaminants such as rust.
  • Flux-cored electrodes are ideal for a variety of welding applications, including overhead and vertical welding. Because of their versatility, they may be utilized for a variety of welding activities, including construction, shipbuilding, and pipeline welding and maintenance.
  • When compared to other welding processes, flux-cored welding can be more cost-effective, particularly in applications requiring rapid deposition. Reduced equipment costs, fewer passes, and increased output all assist to save money.

What is the Meaning of Numbers & Letters on a Welding Electrode?

  • The alphanumeric code on welding electrodes serves as a standard labeling method, communicating critical information about the electrode's properties. The first portion of the code frequently specifies the electrode's intended purpose and welding procedure. For example, "E" often signifies an electrode, but numerals like "6010" or "7018" specify the kind of electrode. "6010" electrodes are often used for cellulose-coated electrodes, whereas "7018" electrodes are commonly used in shielded metal arc welding (SMAW).
  • The tensile strength of the weld metal generated by the electrode is commonly indicated by the following code values. In the example of "7018," the "70" stands for a tensile strength of around 70,000 pounds per square inch. Higher values often indicate more robust electrodes.
  • Furthermore, some electrodes may contain letters in their code that indicate positional compatibility, such as "R" for all locations or "H" for horizontal welding. Understanding these codes is crucial for welders since it helps them to select the optimum electrode for welding tasks.

Production Process of Welding Electrode

Welding Electrode is produced in seven steps. It manufactures a wide range of shapes, goods, and parts, ranging from Welding Electrode and Coil.

  • Step 1 : The process of manufacturing welding electrode begins with the selection of appropriate raw materials. Carbon steel, alloy steel, and stainless steel are commonly used materials for welding electrode, with the choice of material depending on the specific requirements of the welding electrode and its intended application. The selection of the right material is crucial to ensure that the welding electrode can withstand the harsh conditions within the welding electrode and operate efficiently.
  • Step 2 : Tube Billet Preparation
    Once the appropriate raw material has been selected, it is cast or forged into tube-shaped billets. These billets serve as the starting point for creating seamless tubes. The billets are heated to the desired temperature and then pierced with a mandrel to create a hollow tube. The tube is then rolled to the desired size and thickness, with precision control over the dimensions to ensure that the final product meets the required specifications.
  • Step 3 : Heating and Piercing
    Once heated to the desired temperature, they are pierced using a mandrel or piercing mill. This process creates a hollow center in the billet. The mandrel or piercing mill helps to ensure precise dimensions and a smooth internal surface, which is crucial for efficient heat transfer. The hollow billet is then rolled to the desired size and thickness, with precise control over the dimensions to ensure that the final product meets the required specifications.
  • Step 4 : Sizing and Reduction
    After the hollow billet has been pierced, it is passed through various sizing and reducing mills to achieve the precise outer diameter and wall thickness required for the welding electrode. The tube is rolled and stretched to the desired dimensions, with precision control to ensure that the final product meets the required specifications. This process is critical to ensure that the welding electrode can withstand the harsh conditions within the welding electrode and operate efficiently.
  • Step 5 : Heat Treatment
    To enhance the mechanical properties and remove internal stresses, the tubes undergo heat treatment processes such as annealing, normalizing, or quenching and tempering. The specific treatment depends on the material and intended use of the tube.
  • Step 6 : Finishing and Cutting
    These processes can include straightening, end facing, and surface polishing. Straightening helps to ensure that the tubes are free from any bends or deformities, while end facing ensures that the ends of the tube are smooth and flat, ready for installation. Surface polishing removes any surface defects and improves the overall appearance of the tube.
  • Step 7 : Testing
    Quality control is an essential aspect of the production process, especially in the manufacturing of tubes. To ensure that the tubes meet industry standards and safety requirements, various tests are conducted. These tests may include non-destructive testing, such as ultrasonic or radiographic testing, hydrostatic testing, and visual inspections. The results of these tests help us ensure that the tubes we produce are of the highest quality possible.

Welding Electrode Used in Industries

  • Welding Electrode Used in Construction
  • Welding Electrode Used in Automotive Trim
  • Welding Electrode Used in Stamped Machined Products
  • Welding Electrode Used in Cookware
  • Welding Electrode Used in Appliances
  • Welding Electrode Used in Kitchen
  • Welding Electrode Used in Sinks
  • Welding Electrode Used in Railway Cars
  • Welding Electrode Used in Foodservice Equipment
  • Welding Electrode Used in Trailers
Construction Steel Industry Architecture Food Industry Industrial Products

Welding Electrode Manufacturer & Supplier in Europe

Welding Electrode Manufacturer in Europe

Welding Electrode Manufacturer in Europe

Welding Electrode Supplier in Europe

Welding Electrode Supplier in Europe

Piping Projects Europe

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